Menopause in Greenbelt MD
Menopause occurs when women begin to experience the changes and symptoms that happen before or after they stop menstruating. They are not able to get pregnant because the ovaries no longer release an egg every month. Menopause is a natural process that every woman will experience but in some cases, symptoms will require treatment.
Stages of Menopause
Menopause typically begins when a woman reaches her 40s or 50s. Symptoms may be more pronounced at the beginning of the process and can last a few years.
Perimenopause is the stage that occurs several years before a woman reaches menopause. The body begins to make less of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. During this time, patients may experience the start of symptoms that will continue through menopause. If more than 60 days elapse in between menstruation, this may be a sign that a woman is nearing the end of perimenopause.
The severity of symptoms and how long they last during menopause varies for each woman. The most common signs of menopause include:
When nearing menopause, periods may become irregular in regard to how often it occurs, how long it lasts, and how heavy it is. Certain medications, including birth control, can help make your period more regular.
Hot flashes and night sweats
Hot flashes are the most frequent symptom of menopause and can result in a feeling of heat, a flushed face or neck, or sweating. Many women experience night sweats, which are hot flashes that come on during the night and can make it difficult to sleep. Avoiding certain triggers of hot flashes can help, like stress, caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods, or tight clothing.
Changes in mood and memory
The changes in hormones can cause changes in your mood and can worsen existing anxiety or depression. Forgetfulness can stem from this additional stress. Women should contact a doctor if they have been feeling down for an extended period of time or think they are forgetting things too often.
The skin around the vagina can become drier during and after menopause because of the drop in estrogen levels, which can cause sex to be painful.
Postmenopause is the period after menopause when a woman hasn’t had her period for 12 months. The symptoms related to menopause gradually improve for most women. However, because of the lower level of estrogen, postmenopausal women are at an increased risk of certain health problems, including osteoporosis and heart disease. It’s important to continue to see your OBGYN for routine exams and tests even after menopause.
Managing menopause involves addressing the symptoms associated with this stage of life. It may include:
Certain lifestyle changes can help alleviate menopausal symptoms. These include:
- Regular exercise. Engaging in physical activity can help manage weight, improve mood, reduce hot flashes, and strengthen bones.
- Balanced diet. Eating a nutritious diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.
- Stress management. Meditation, deep breathing exercises, or activities that promote relaxation can be helpful.
- Avoiding triggers that worsen symptoms. These triggers can include spicy foods, hot beverages, or alcohol.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)HRT is used to help relieve symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, and mood swings. To replace the declining hormone levels in the body, this therapy involves the use of medications containing estrogen and progesterone. HRT is not suitable for everyone. This therapy should be discussed with your doctor.
- Non-hormonal medications. For hot flashes and mood symptoms, non-hormonal medications such as serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) may sometimes be prescribed.
- Vaginal lubricants and moisturizers. Over-the-counter vaginal lubricants and moisturizers can provide relief for vaginal dryness and discomfort during intercourse.
- Alternative therapies. Some women find relief through acupuncture, yoga, herbal supplements, or mind-body techniques. It’s essential to speak to your doctor before trying any alternative therapies.
- Regular health check-ups. Menopause is associated with an increased risk of certain health conditions like osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and breast cancer. Regular health check-ups, including screenings and assessments, can help identify and manage these risks effectively.